Fairfield is the Malting Barley Capital of the World, a trade center for the farming community as well as being home to Busch Agricultural Resources, 3 Rivers Telephone Cooperative and Sun River Electric Cooperative.
Even though the federal government had opened this area of Montana to homesteading in 1862, not until 1909 did settlers really come into the Fairfield area when Congress liberalized this act allowing the settler 320 acres of free land instead of 160. It became apparent, however, that the small homesteads, 160 or 320 acres, made little sense in the vast and dry landscape of Montana. After the Bureau of Reclamation conducted a survey that showed a dam could be built in the Sun River Canyon and water for irrigation in Fairfield area would be feasible were many more settlers attracted to Fairfield. The Gibson Dam was completed in 1929. Today, Greenfields Irrigation District delivers water from Gibson Dam to approximately 83,000 acres surrounding this community.
Fairfield offers a scenic 9-hole golf course at Harvest Hills Golf Course, with the Rocky Mountain Front and spectacular sunsets as a backdrop. This community also has a beautiful city-center park complete with a swimming pool. Every year on the third Saturday in July, Fairfield sponsors annual Swim Day festivities. This event draws people from around the nation in a time of family reunion and community renewal.
Fairfield is situated between Great Falls and Choteau. Just north of Fairfield on Highway 89 is Freezeout Lake, home of some of the largest varieties of North American waterfowl. This area offers outstanding opportunities for bird watchers. In the fall, Freezeout Lake offers some of the best pheasant and waterfowl hunting in Montana.
Fairfield is located in north-central area of Montana, northwest of Great Falls on U.S. Highway 89.